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Coprolite

coprolite assortment

A coprolite is fossilised faeces (poo!). The fossils we are familiar with are called “body fossils”. Coprolites are called trace fossils because they give us clues to the creature’s diet. Coprolites is derived from the Greek words kopros, meaning “dung” and lithos, meaning “stone”. Coprolites may range in size from a few millimetres to over 60 centimetres!

The famous fossil hunter Mary Anning noticed as early as 1824 that “bezoar stones” were often found in the abdominal region of ichthyosaur skeletons. She also noted that if such stones were broken open, they often contained fossilized fish bones and scales as well as sometimes bones from smaller ichthyosaurs. It was these observations that allowed the geologist William Buckland to propose in 1829 that the stones were fossilized faeces and named them coprolites.
Coprolites are different from paleofaeces which are fossilised dung. Like other fossils, coprolites have had much of their original composition replaced by mineral deposits such as silicates and calcium carbonates. Paleofaeces, on the other hand, retain much of their original organic composition and can be reconstituted to determine their original chemical properties, though in practice the term coprolite is also used for ancient human faecal material in an archaeological context.

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Belemnite

Bekennite

Belemnites are members of an extinct form of cephalopods that lived from the 250-201 million years ago becoming extinct around the same time as dinosaurs (~66 million years ago). These cephalopods were common in the ancient oceans. Belemnite comes from the Greek word “belemnon” which means javelin or dart referring to their bullet-shaped rostrum that survives in fossils

Belemnites were squid-like animals with ten arms (not tentacles like modern squids) each lined with 30-50 curved hooks which were used for grasping prey such as small fish, molluscs and crustaceans.

Like other Coleoidea (a superclass that includes octopus, squid and cuttlefish), belemnites had beaks, ink sacs and a tail fin. Whilst there are similarities between belemnites and modern squids, squids do not have rostrums. The rostrum provides support and acts as a counterbalance to the rest of the body. At the base of the rostrum is the phragmocone, a conical structure with chambers that controlled buoyancy and balance. The largest belemnite known, Megateuthis elliptica, had a rostrum of 60 to 70 cm (24 to 28 in).

The rostrum is composed of calcite, a carbonate mineral. A cross section through the rostrum shows concentric rings like what you would find inside a tree; each ring is thought to represent a few months.

Sometimes rock outcrops are filled with hundreds of rostra these have been nicknamed “belemnite battlefields”. The most common explanation is that belemnites died shortly after spawning, much like modern coleoids which migrate from the ocean to the shelf area.

Because of their shape, it was once believed that belemnites fell to earth during thunderstorms and as a result are referred to in folklore as ‘thunderbolts’ or ‘thunderstones’.

In the Egyptian Temple at Karnak hieroglyphics images representing belemnites are shown to one side of the fertility God Min to symbolise lightning.


Min at Karnak
Min at Karnak


During the middle ages a belemnite was believed to protect the owner from being bewitched or struck by lightning.
In Germanic folklore, keeping thunderstones within the home would protect the owner’s house form a storm. In parts of the Netherlands these ‘donderstenen’ or ‘Donar’s stones’ (Donar being the Thunder god) were kept in the roof.
In Lithuania to treat a snakebite, they would rub a belemnite over the wound whilst chanting the words:



“Three times nine times comes Perkunas’ thunder from the sea
Three times nine times bullets strike the swelling under the stone.
This man regains the health he enjoyed before!”


In parts of western Scotland, they were known as ‘bat’ or ‘bot’ stones and were steeped in water given to horses to cure distemper. Similarly in Southern England it was widely believed that belemnites could be used to cure rheumatism and sore eyes in both men and horses. This treatment involved grinding the fossil into a dust which was then blown into the afflicted eyes.

In Scandinavian folklore belemnites were believed to be candles belonging to pixies and elves. In some areas they are still referred to as ‘vateljus’ which translates as ‘gnomes’ lights’. Throughout Europe it was widely believed that belemnites were the points of pixie-arrows and were sometimes referred to as ‘elf-bolts’.).

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Snakestones

The fossilised remains of ammonites were given the name snakestones in England because they resemble coiled snakes turned to stone. The myth about snakestones came mainly from two places where ammonites are very common and easy to find: Whitby in Yorkshire and Keynsham in Somerset

William Camden, an early cartographer (map maker)  mentioned what we now call ammonites in his 1586 book Britannia,’If you break them you find within stony serpents, wreathed up in circles, but eternally without heads.’ 

During the Victorian era some collectors and dealers played on this legend by carving snake heads on ammonite fossils and selling them for a premium.

Saint Hilda’s spell

Whitby has a strong link with fossils especially ammonites and jet. This link extends back to the 7th CE and the story of the Saxon Abbess, Saint Hilda (614-680). The legend states that St Hilda was ordered to build an Abbey in Whitby. However, the ground was infested with snakes. In the early Christian times, preaching always referred to snakes as being of the Devil (e.g. Adam and Eve and the apple). Naturally, before the Abbey could be built the ground had be cleared and sanctified.

Oddly for a Saint she cast a spell (not a prayer!) that turned all the snakes to stone and she threw them off the cliff tops.

St hilda monument
St Hilda with snakes at her feet

Named in honour of St Hilda, Hildoceras bifrons is one of the most common ammonites present at Whitby. This example has a carved snake’s head.


St Hilda’s miraculous work was immortalised in the poem Marmion, by Sir Walter Scott:

When Whitby’s nuns exalting told,
Of thousand snakes, each one
Was changed into a coil of stone,
When Holy Hilda pray’d:
Themselves, without their holy ground,
Their stony folds had often found.

St Cuthbert’s Curse

Whitby’s snakestones sometimes involve St Cuthbert who was a monk in the 7th century CE. Allegedly his rosary was made of fossil crinoids (St Cuthbert’s beads).
St Cuthbert curse is an alternative to St Hilda as ‘He is said to have cast a powerful beheading curse on all of the snakes.’


St Keyna’s prayers and fossil fairies

According to legend, Saint Ceyna (Keyne) one of the daughters of King Brychan of Brycheiniog (Brecon) having decided to become the equivalent of a modern nun and live the life of celibacy, she wanted to find a deserted place to follow her lifestyle and dedicate her time her religion. She travelled across the Severn to a wooded place and asked the local Prince for permission to stay and practice her religion. The Prince gave her permission but warned her that the area was so infested with snakes that nothing could life there. She said that with her beliefs it would be resolved and lay down dedicating the ground to the Holy Virgin. The serpents and vipers were then turned into stones. The place mentioned is Camden, near Keynsham, Bristol .

Horns of Ammon

The Ancient Greeks saw ammonites as sacred symbols associated with their horned god, Jupiter Ammon. They called them Cornu Ammonis (horns of Ammon). This is naturally the stem of the name “ammonite”
They believed Ammonites provided protection from snakebites and cures for blindness, barrenness and impotence.

The Ancient Romans believed that sleeping with a golden (pyritised) ammonite from Ethiopia under their pillow could help the dreamer predict the future.

Vishnu’s chakra

In Hindu culture, black limestone containing ammonites are known as saligrams (or shaligrams or salagramas) and considered extremely precious for their resemblance to the disc (chakra) held by the god Vishnu.

The stones are kept in temples, monasteries and households as natural symbols of the god Vishnu and are used during marriages, funerals and housewarmings.

Vishnu’s chakra is a Hindu symbol of absolute completeness. The eight spokes are believed to represent the eightfold path of deliverance. The radial chakra markings in saligrams are formed by the ribs of the ammonites.

Saligrams are mentioned in Sanskrit texts dating back to just over 2,200 years ago. Some Sanskrit poetical works identify them as fossils created by a kind of worm. True saligrams are found only in the valley of the Gandaki River in Nepal and northern India. Typically spherical, they contain black-coloured ammonite fossils from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. Light coloured, broken or sharp specimens are regarded as unlucky.

Horn Stones


In Chinese folklore, ammonites were called Jiaoshih or horn stones, as they resemble coiled rams’ horns. Eleventh-century Chinese scientist and stateman Su Sung wrote in Pen Tshao Thu Ching:
‘The stone-serpent appears in rocks which are found beside the rivers flowing into the southern seas. Its shape is like a coiled snake with no head or tail-tip. Inside it is empty. Its colour is reddish-purple. The best ones are those which coil to the left. It also looks like the spiral shell of a conch. We do not know what animal it was which was thus changed into stone.’

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Ammonite

Ammonite

Ammonites are perhaps the most widely known fossil, possessing the typically ribbed spiral-form shell.

These creatures lived in the seas between 240 – 65 million years ago, when along with the dinosaurs they became extinct.

Ammonites take their name from the Egyptian god Amun, known to the Greeks as Zeus Ammon known for having curved horns like a ram.

Ammonites are cephalopods. The group Cephalopoda is divided into three subgroups: coleoids (including squids, octopuses and cuttlefishes), nautiloids (the nautiluses) and ammonites. Ammonites’ shells make the animals look most like nautiluses, but they are more closely related to coleoids.

Ammonites were not always curved they were small, straight shelled creature, known as Bacrites. They quickly evolved into a variety of shapes and sizes including some shaped like hairpins or paper clips. Ammonites quickly assumed a strong protective outer shell to shield their soft interior from damage and predators. Some genera of ammonites had shells that were coiled in more bizarre ways than the usual spiral. These are known as heteromorphs, from the Greek heteros meaning ‘different’ and morphe meaning ‘form or shape’.  One of the most unusual is the Nipponites mirabilis which is U shaped like a “slinky”.

The closest living lookalike to the ammonite is the Nautilus. Both have a similar structure with a solid shell comprised of many chambers in a spial. The body of the ammonite was contained within the large final, open-ended section called the living or head chamber. As they grew, they built new chambers onto it. They would move their entire body into a new chamber and seal off their old and too small living space with walls known as septa.

New chambers were added at a rate of one every four weeks, roughly 13 each year. Using this as a guide we can tell approximately how old an ammonite is by looking inside its shell. A shell containing 26 chambers could be assumed to have housed the creature for two years. Ammonites kept their original shell for all their life.

The chambered interior of the shell is referred to as the phragmocone. This contained gasses which enabled the ammonite to regulate its buoyancy allowing it to rise and fall in the sea much like a submarine.

Each complete 360° coil is called a whorl. Except for the innermost whorl, the shell is made up of three layers. The thin innermost and outermost layers are composed of prisms of aragonite (a form of calcium carbonate). The thicker middle layer is nacreous (mother-of-pearl), formed of tiny tabular crystals of aragonite

Some ammonite fossils bear intricate patterned details on their outer surface called Sutures. These patterns mark where the walls of the chambers, Septum, meet the outer wall of the ammonite shell. Suture patterns are extremely useful for distinguishing distinct species of ammonite. It is estimated that over 10,000 to 20,000 species of ammonite have been discovered.

Ammonites vary enormously in size the Nannocardioceras is small with complete adults rarely more than 20 mm in diameter. However, a part fossil of a Parapuzosia seppenradensis (Late Cretaceous) was discovered which has a diameter of 1.95 m in. If complete, it would have had a diameter of about 2.55 m. .Evidence suggests that they rapidly gained in size, especially females which grew 400% bigger than the males.

Whilst they look quite harmless, ammonites were predators feeding eating molluscs, fish and even other cephalopods. They stalked their prey, then once close enough rapidly extending their eight arms to grasp their prey. Ammonites have powerful jaws located at the base of the tentacles between the eyes these could crack other creature’s shells before eating the meat inside. Ammonites may have supplemented their diet with small plankton or vegetation growing on the sea floor. Ammonites were also prey, there is evidence of mosasaurs and ichthyosaurs having eaten them.

Early historians and naturalists compared the coiled shape of the ammonite to that of a snake and ammonites became widely known as snakestones. To cash in on the legend, many collectors and dealers in fossils frequently carved heads on ammonites. The coat-of-arms of Whitby in North Yorkshire, includes three ‘snakestones.’

Ammonites were thought to be a protection against serpents and a cure for baldness and infertility.

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Clear Quartz

clear Quartz

Quartz is a stone composed of oxygen and silicon atoms that has crystallised around magma or hydrothermal vents. It is the most abundant mineral on planet earth and can be found in every country on earth in the form of points, masses, grains, prisms and even threaded. In 300 BCE Theophrastus (pupil of Aristotle) gave the stone the name kristallos. from the word “ice” high lighting the ancient belief that Quartz was encapsulated in ice. The modern name “Quartz” comes from the German word “Quarz” from the Polish kwardy.

the Ancient Sumerians (4th millennium BCE), included crystals in magic formulas.

Chinese Medicine dating back 5,000 years, incorporates crystals for as part of the healing processes. The Japanese equivalent word for clear quartz translates as ‘perfect jewel’ because they believed it symbolised space, purity and patience.

The Ancient Egyptians used clear quartz in their jewellery.

During the time of Tiberius 42 BCE-37 CE, two Ancient Roman writers, Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella and Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder) both wrote about the first specularia or Roman Greenhouse. Roman Greenhouses “consisted of beds mounted on wheels which they moved out into the sun and then on wintry days withdrew under the cover of frames, glazed with transparent stone or mica.”

Clear quartz is included in the legends and the creation myths of many ancient cultures. In both Australia and South America, the creation myths involve a cosmic serpent who is the creator of life and who was led by a clear quartz crystal. in Australian Aboriginal mythology the substance most identified as maban which the Shamans and elders drew their magical powers.

Some cultures of central and Southern America clear quartz was seen as a vessel for the spirits of their ancestors.
In Scotland and Ireland clear quartz was carved into spheres and used for healing. Like the spheres of crystal today and the ones used by fortune tellers.

In the 17th century Nicolas Steno discovered that no matter the size or shape, Quartz will always meet at a 60 degree angle.

Properties

Of the many minerals known, Quartz is the strongest enhancing stone. It reignites our identity showing us the path towards enlightenment.

Its clear energy acts as an amplifier for the vibrations that are put into it, making it an excellent manifestation tool. Quartz is frequently displayed at high energetic areas such as the tops of staves, wands, in between crystals in grids and placed on top of key energy points on the body.

Using Quartz supercharges the chakra system dispelling the malignant energies within.
Quartz can absorb negative vibrations whether it is used or not, it should be cleansed often. Even the piece passively sitting will attract unwanted energy.

Quartz can be cleaned by either the moonlight, smudge stick or a water bath.

Chakras Crown, Third Eye, Throat, Heart, Solar Plexus, Sacral Root, Etheric Earthstar
Properties Psychic Abilities, Meditation, Clearing, Physical Healing, Cleansing, Expanded Awareness, Communication with Higher Realms, Communication with Guides, Enhancing, Interdimensional Communication, Dispelling Negative Energy, Intention Enhancement, Transformation, Protection, Self- Healing
Planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Sun, Moon
Zodiacs Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces
Elements Storm
Colours Colourless, White
Hardness 7
Chemical Formula SiO2

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Fluorite

fluorite collection

Fluorite is a calcium crystal with multiple colours have been known to commonly occur on the same specimen and are known to be found near Quartz and Calcite.

Specimens of fluorite produce a blue glow when illuminated with light. Fluorite typically glows a blue-violet colour under short-wave ultraviolet and long-wave ultraviolet light. Some specimens are known to glow a cream or white color. Many specimens do not fluoresce. Fluorescence in fluorite is thought to be caused when trace amounts of yttrium, europium, samarium, or other elements substitute for calcium in the fluorite mineral structure.

Fluorspar, the name used for fluorite when it is sold as a bulk material or in processed form. It is sold in three different grades (acid, ceramic, and metallurgical).

Whilst having a wide range of different colours some has its own very unusual property:

Antozonite: Fluorite with the element fluorine incorporated in it. Known for its unpleasant smell when it is crushed because fluorine reacts to oxygen and water vapour to produce ozone.
Blue John: Only found in one small part of the UK. The mineral has bands of blue, purple, and yellow colours.

Chlorophane: This rare mineral has the property of thermoluminescence, meaning that it emits visible light when heated even from the heat of someone’s hand while they hold it.

The Chinese used the scarlet fluorite as a protection against bad spirits. Green fluorite would be a substitute for jade in stone sculptures.

The Egyptians would use fluorite to carve pearls, scarabs and other religious artefacts.

The Romans believed drinking alcohol in a carved glass of fluorite would avoid drunkenness. Objects made of fluorine were found in the ruins of Pompeii.

Drinking cups made from Murrine (almost certainly fluorite and mined in Persia.). The stone gave a strange, pleasing taste to wine when drunk from them. This taste was from residual resin (myrrh) that was applied to the stones, during carving to prevent shattering.

The Roman Historian Pliny the Elder wrote that ‘vasa murrina’ were first introduced to Rome by Pompey the Great in 62-1 BCE, after his victories in the East. The vessels were so desired that Pliny tells us that the highest price paid for a fluorspar cup was 1,000,000 sesterces, by the Emperor Nero. We also hear of a former Roman consul who paid 70,000 sesterces for one. He was said to be so fond of his cup that he gnawed its rim. The British museum have two very famous Roman drinking cups (the Barber cup and the Crawford cup) both made from fluorite.



The Romans excavated the famous “Blue John”, which is a peculiar blue yellow fluorite. The Latin word ‘murra’ is regularly identified with the mineral fluorspar.

In the Middle-Ages, Fluorite was called “ore flower.”

Murrine (murrina) and Murrino glass has very ancient origins, the first works date back to 3,000-2,000 BCE by Syrian, Egyptian and Roman glassmakers. The term “Murrino” was used to identify all the mosaic glass vases and bowls that the Romans made using cane sections coloured patterns or images made in a glass cane. These are revealed when the cane is cut into thin cross designs such as faces, flowers and animals. These vases were made of murrha, a material characterised by the presence of Fluorite which gives the objects a particular smell, due to the resins used as a binder during the process or more likely because they were used to contain perfumes.

During the Middle Ages, the murrino glass technique was lost, but was restored at the end of the 19th century

Properties

Fluorite is known for its healing properties of cleansing and stabilising the aura Neutralising negative energies and stress in the body.

Fluorite is a stone known for clarity and mental enhancement concentration, self-confidence, and decision-making. Fluorite will allow the mind to flow freely to balance thoughts and ideas.

It is highly recommended for people who have trouble navigating life by assisting in making the decisions you genuinely want. It is an important stone for Libras and can better their confidence, especially when it comes to important decisions that affect the future.

There are many colours of Fluorite, each with its own unique effect on users.
Pink Opens up the heart and assists in self-love and healing.
Black The ultimate cleanser and purifier of negativity. Its energies serve as a shield around your emotional body.
Purple For spiritual balance as it attunes the mind with higher vibrations and enables the ability to ascend our spirit and consciousness.
Blue Calms emotions and helps communicate ideas. Ideal for teachers, speakers, artists etc.
Colourless is an intuitive stone and activate the third eye leading to enhanced psychic abilities.
Green Fluorite connects our heart and mind together bringing a balance between emotion and thought. It can bring hormones into balance as well as harmonising the chakras.
Yellow shares a sacred connection between the solar plexus and third eye chakra. This bond creates a pathway towards self-expression to enhance creativity, as well as for calming the mind.

Crystal Pairings


Using Quartz with different colours will enhance the effects:

Jet or Obsidian (Black) will assist in the cleansing of one’s energy field.
Emerald, Rose Quartz, and Pink Tourmaline When using Fluorite to activate the third eye in conjunction with the heart; will assist.
Pyrite Helps activate our lower-tiered chakra system and bring manifestation energies to the forefront. With a clear and conscious mind, it will help our dreams become a reality.

Chakra Crown Third Eye, Throat, Heart, Solar Plexus, Sacral Root
Properties Retrograde, Exercising and Sports, Decisiveness, Balance, Clarity,
Protection, Grounding, Cleansing, Balancing Polarities, Sense of Purpose, Mental Enhancement, Self-Discipline
Planets Mercury
Zodiacs Libra, Capricorn, Pisces
Elements Wind
Colours Blue, Green, Colourless, Purple, Black, Yellow, Pink
Hardness 4
Chemical Formula CaF2

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Rhodochrosite

Rhodochrosite

Rhodochrosite, Inca Rose Stone and Raspberry Spar, is a rare manganese carbonate mineral that is only found in a few locations worldwide. Its name derives from the Greek words rhodon meaning ‘rose’ and chroma meaning ‘colour.’
This mineral is one of the few in the mineral kingdom that produces rhombohedral crystals. These specimens can cost £10,000+. One of the few locations that produce near perfect Rhodochrosite crystals is the Sweet Home Mine in Alma, Colorado.

The Argentinian Inca’s silver miners found clusters Rhodochrosite. They believed these stones were the blood of their fallen and former kings and queens. They believed it hardened into stone to show strength, power, and stamina.

Meaning & Energy

Rhodochrosite’s focus is to be a daily reminder to look after yourself first and your own wellbeing. By putting yourself first, only then will you be able to help others in need.

Rhodochrosite helps you release anguish, pain, and trauma weighing on your mind and heart. It is a perfect stone for anyone who struggles with coping or has any form of PTSD. Wearing or carrying a piece daily will help calm emotions and provide reassurance.

Rhodochrosite’s calming and soothing energies will fill your aura with love, peace, tranquillity and life force energy to you get through life. In times of stress or sadness.

Rhodochrosite is a high energy stone that can show light over the horizon to a new day and all you need is a little bit of self-belief and harmony to progress.

Meditate with Rhodochrosite several times a week by placing it directly over your heart. The crystal will bring emotional trauma to the surface and allow yourself to reach closure on issues.

Chakra Heart, Solar Plexus
Properties Relaxation, Life Path, Inner Peace, Growth, Generosity, Creating Your Own Reality, Calming and Patience, Anxiety Relief, Peace of Mind, Resolution, Stress Relief, Transformation, Strength, Soothing, Emotional Understanding, Self- Healing, Physical Healing, Trauma, Grief and Mourning, Love & Relationships, Compassion, Self-Discovery, Gentle Self-Expression, PTSD, Sense of Purpose, New Beginnings
Planets Mars
Zodiacs Scorpio, Leo
Elements Fire, Water
Colours Pink, Red, White
Hardness 3.5 /4
Chemical Formula Mn (CO3)

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Apophyllite

Apophyllite

Apophyllite is a potassium calcium silicate mineral that crystallizes in the form of pyramidal structures & cubic crystals. There is some debate on how the name came about; either from the Greek word “apo,” and “phyllon,” which means “it flakes off” or the Greek word meaning “leaf.” Either way due to water loss when heated, it tends to flake. Apophyllite is most often clear or white although it can also be found as grey, yellow, red, and green. Green Apophyllite is the rarest colour of them all

Many stones feature small inclusions of stilbite which has a high vibration. These help to bring angelic energy into your space and fill your being with love and support.

Meaning & Energy


Apophyllite is an extremely high vibrational stone that helps attune energies to those of the higher dimensions and realms. This stone helps connect people with their guardian angels and spirit guides looking over them on their life journey.

Once our third eye and crown chakras become unlocked a powerful connection is formed between the foreign realms. Apophyllite is a perfect for anyone looking to expand their consciousness and connect to a realm not like our own. All practitioners of astral projection and lucid dreaming need a piece of Apophyllite by their bedside.

Green Apophyllite has a special connection with Mother Nature. Meditating outside at dusk or dawn (highest vibrational periods) will help attune you to her energies.

Crystal Pairings

For beginners who have just started working with crystals, the energies from extremely high vibrational stones like Apophyllite can sometimes feel too strong and overwhelm practitioners who have not experienced a before. Therefore, it is recommended to place grounding stones around your specimen like Black Tourmaline, Shungite or Hematite.

Chakras
Chakra Third Eye Crown
Properties Intuition, Communication with Guides, Connection with Nature, Dreams, Enlightenment, Growth, Higher Self, Inner Vision, Insight, Inspiration, Interdimensional Communication, Communication With Higher Realms, Knowledge, Meditation, Mental Enhancement, Opportunities, Psychic Abilities, Self-Discovery, Spiritual Awakening, Transformation, Wisdom, High Vibration, Alignment with the Higher Self, Angelic Communication, Ascension, Astral Travel, Attunement, Attunement With Higher Realms, Bridging the Spiritual and Physical Worlds, Channelling and Grounding Higher Vibrations, Channelling, Clarity,
Planets, Earth
Zodiacs Libra, Gemini
Elements Earth, Wind
Colours Colourless, White, Olive Green, Green
Hardness 5
Chemical Formula KCa4Si8O20(F, OH)•8H2O

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Selenite

Selenite

Named after the Ancient Greek goddess of the moon (Selene), Selenite is a special version of the mineral gypsum. The name derives through Middle English selenite from Latin selenites, from Greek selēnítēs líthos literally “moon stone.”
An ancient Mesopotamian ritual text (Bīt Mēseri), written in cuneiform on four tablets for describes how to protect the house against invading evil. On the second tablet, there is a description of how statues and paintings should be drawn of the Apkallus (sages). It details how the seven figures would be drawn with gypsum and black paste on the side of the bedroom wall of the sick and selenite placed outside their rooms.

The Greeks especially appreciated the beauty of selenite, even making windows with the stone
The ancient Egyptians placed Selenite in tombs to protect the soul and guide the spirits when they journeyed through the underworld. It was also used by their healers for its protective qualities, particularly against illness and infection.
The Aztecs used Selenite for protection against negative energy and evil spirits. They also believed that Selenite alleviated physical and emotional pain, bringing about hope and acceptance helping to achieve inner peace and enlightenment.

In the 13th century King of Castile, Alfonso X (Alfonso the Learned) compiled a lapidary that dealt with gemstones and their astrological significance. It states that Selenite follows the waxing and waning of the moon and that if the crystal is hung on a fruit tree, it will promote the quick growth and ripening of the fruit.
In ancient times it was believed that to help people remember their dreams and wake up feeling refreshed, they had to sleep with a Selenite crystal nearby.

How to Cleanse & Charge Your Selenite Stone

Although Selenite is a strong crystal, it is still important to find time to cleanse your selenite stone. This can be done with a simple running water and sea salt cleansing ritual, which is the most common way of clearing crystals. You can find an example ritual below:

  • Hold your selenite stone in your left hand and raise it above the water
  • Visualize all negative energy being removed from the selenite stone
  • Place the selenite stone back into the water and allow it to soak for several seconds
  • Remove your selenite stone from the water and dry it with a soft cloth.

Alternately, you can use smoke cleansing to cleanse your selenite crystal. This method is useful if you need to cleanse your selenite stone very quickly without having time for a full sea salt cleansing ritual:

  • Place the selenite stone in an abalone shell or ceramic bowl.
  • Hold a white lit candle over the selenite stone until the smoke begins to rise.
  • Visualize all negative energy being removed from the selenite stone.
  • After the ritual, place your selenite stone outside or in a window to allow the negative energy to dissipate.

Since Selenite is associated with the moon, for maximum effect perform this under a full moon. Selenite is one of the most powerful crystals to you, so it is important to keep yours in the best condition.

Naica Mine

No words on Selenite are complete without a mention of the Naica Mine in the Northern Mexican. The cave of the crystals is the name given to a corridor 1,000 feet below the surface. Once accessible to visitors, it closed in 2015 due to the risk of flooding. The chamber hosts the largest natural crystals ever discovered



Meaning & Energy

It is believed that pure white light is encapsulated within Selenite. Selenite restores our own auric field and spiritual body and cleanses any environment in which it is placed. It is a favourite stone to remove negative energies that have been picked up during our daily routines.

Meditating Selenite over your third eye or crown chakra will allow you to raise your own awareness and intuition levels. Thoughts, ideas, and visions become clearer both consciously and subconsciously.

A perfect place for Selenite is at your bedside or carry a piece with you each day. The mineral holds no negative energy and can cleanse and recharge your favourite stones and your personal auric field. To achieve this place new purchased stones or ones most recently worked with, near or on your Selenite piece.

Crystal Pairings

Selenite is a great stone to be paired with:

Black Tourmaline for physical ailments.
Phenacite, Iolite, Cavansite, Dumortierite, Shattuckiteand Moldavite. For mental expansion and traveling beyond the planes of this reality.
Garnet, Carnelian meditating with Selenite will activate and unlock your unique personal will power and will enhance your transformative abilities.
Blue Calcite, Chrysocolla, Larimar, Blue Chalcedony, Turquoise Communication is often lacking point in our lives. Pairing Selenite with these stones will not only open your throat chakra but also enhance your vocabulary.

Chakra Crown Third Eye Etheric
Properties Retrograde, Clarity, Protection, Meditation, Clearing, Purification, Cleansing, Clairvoyance, Dispelling Negative Energy, Aura Cleansing, Chakra Cleansing
Planets Moon
Zodiacs Gemini, Cancer
Elements Wind
Colours Colourless, Grey, White, Yellow
Hardness 2-3
Chemical Formula
CaSO4•2H2O

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Desert Rose

desert rose

Desert Rose also known as Gypsum Rose or Sand Rose, is a type of Selenite formed from a combination of water, wind, and sand. Sand becomes embedded in Selenite blades which overtime when combined with and wind of water create the signature “rosette” formation. The rosette formations are created over a few hundred years making them relatively young compared most crystals which have formed millions (or billions) of years. Desert Rose Selenite is found in most deserts around the world.

The Native Americans have a legend that the Desert Rose Selenites were carved by warriors who returned home from the spirit world. The roses were said to have been spread across the Earth to protect these spirits’ homeland. The desert rose has traditionally been prized for an assortment of alleged metaphysical powers. Each of the rocks are said to contain its own spirit who share their powers to benefit people. Like many objects believed to possess supernatural powers, they have been used by shamans and witches throughout history.

The desert rose has always been used as a talisman for protection against or to cure a wide variety of physical ailments, psychological or emotional problems.

Meaning & Energy

Desert Rose Selenite is a perfect meditation stone that grounds and balances you. It activates root, crown, and sacral chakras for; mental clarity and focus, manifestation, self-expression and to unlocking our divine will.
An excellent stone to place at your bedside, workspace, or meditation room as it cleanses the environment and your aura. Due to being mainly Selenite, it will charge and cleanse other crystals when placed around them.

Desert Rose is ideal for constant rejuvenation of energy as it works on a very high, energetic vibration that helps realign the chakra system. Removing blockages between chakras will help ease the flow of energy within.

This stone will work with all chakras, the sacral chakra is where it is most potent, we suggest holding a Desert Rose and verbally reciprocating into what you want from this world and how you plan to get there. Doing this weekly will affect not only your physical actions, but also your mental decisions.

Desert Rose Selenite is a perfect stone to place within your crystal grids to enhance your smaller stones energy output or to assist in the transfer of energy between stones. These roses will also cleanse and charge the stones around it perfect for every crystal enthusiast to have in their collection.

Chakra Solar Plexus
Properties Clearing, Insight, Inspiration, Growth, Expansion, Expanded Awareness, Enhancing, Enlightenment, Energy Transfer, Elimination Toxins, Joy, Clarity, Channelling, Aura Cleansing, Abundance, Action, Mental Health, Intuition, Spiritual Awakening, Self-Discovery, Prosperity, Opportunities, New Beginnings, Knowledge, Intention Enhancement, Cleansing, Balance, Mental Enhancement, Manifestation, Strength, Planets Earth
Elements Earth, Water, Wind
Colours White, Brown
Hardness 2
Chemical Formula
CaSO4•2H2O